Category: PTSD

Symposium

Symposium 9 - Trauma and Posttraumatic Cognitions: Differences Across Diverse Populations

Friday, November 17
8:30 AM - 10:00 AM
Location: Sapphire Ballroom I & J, Level 4, Sapphire Level

Keywords: Trauma | Cognitive Biases / Distortions | Cultural Diversity/ Vulnerable Populations
Presentation Type: Symposium

The term “posttraumatic cognitions” has been used in the trauma literature to refer to a class of damaging reactions to trauma exposure which include the experience of distorted thoughts concerning safety, stress, and blame for self-and others (Foa et al., 1999). The experience of posttraumatic cognitions is associated with the development, maintenance, and severity of PTSD (Moser et al., 2007), and other pathological sequelae of trauma including development and escalation of suicidal behavior (Panagioti et al, 2012).  In fact, growing recognition of the consequences associated with posttraumatic cognitions led to their recent addition to the diagnostic criteria for PTSD in DSM-5 (APA, 2013). In light of the critical role posttraumatic cognitions play in trauma related psychopathology, in depth exploration of how their presentation differs across diverse groups, and the effect differences in presentation across groups have on outcome, must be prioritized.

The current symposium proposes to explore differences in the nature and effect of posttraumatic cognitions across sexual orientation, race/ethnicity, gender and veteran status. In the first presentation, based on a longitudinal study of LGBT women, the nature and consequence of posttraumatic cognitions in LGBT women with be discussed.  In the second presentation, based on data provided by a military research consortium, the relationship between racial/ ethnic background and presentation of posttraumatic cognitions in pre-treatment trauma-exposed Veterans will be discussed.   The symposium will then turn to focus on differences in the nature and consequences of posttraumatic cognition across Veteran relative to non-Veteran samples. Most generally, in the third presentation, differences in the nature and structure of posttraumatic cognitions in Veterans relative to those observed in previous studies with non-Veterans will be highlighted. Then in the fourth presentation, based on data from an outpatient Veteran sample, gender differences in the relationship between specific posttraumatic cognitions (e.g. self-blame) and suicidal behavior will be reviewed. Finally, based on data from an ongoing treatment studies, the ability of a novel pharmacological intervention (ketamine, which has shown to affect rapid PTSD symptom relief) to alter posttraumatic cognitions in a diverse sample will be presented on and discussed. Together, these presentations aim to further appreciation for the impact of diversity on the cost and consequences of trauma exposure.

Learning Objectives:

Minden B. Sexton

Women Veterans Mental Health Coordinator
Ann Arbor Veterans Healthcare System

Presentation(s):

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Margaret T. Davis

Postdoctoral Fellow
Yale School of Medicine

Presentation(s):

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Sheila A.M. Rauch

Associate Professor
Emory University School of Medicine

Presentation(s):

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    Emily Dworkin

    University of Washington

    Presentation(s):

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    Brittany N. Hall-Clark

    Assistant Professor
    University of Texas Health Science Center at San Antonio

    Presentation(s):

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    Minden B. Sexton

    Women Veterans Mental Health Coordinator
    Ann Arbor Veterans Healthcare System

    Presentation(s):

    Send Email for Minden Sexton

    Kelly Zuromski

    Predoctoral Intern
    MUSC

    Presentation(s):

    Send Email for Kelly Zuromski

    Margaret T. Davis

    Postdoctoral Fellow
    Yale School of Medicine

    Presentation(s):

    Send Email for Margaret Davis


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