Category: PTSD

Symposium

Symposium 77 - Translational Research on Emerging Risk and Maintenance Factors for PTSD

Saturday, November 18
10:15 AM - 11:45 AM
Location: Sapphire Ballroom I & J, Level 4, Sapphire Level

Keywords: PTSD (Posttraumatic Stress Disorder) | Translational Research | Risk / Vulnerability Factors
Presentation Type: Symposium

            Posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) is a prevalent and debilitating condition characterized by re-experiencing the trauma, avoidance of reminders of it, negative alterations in cognition and mood, and alterations in arousal. PTSD has received increased attention in recent years due to the nearly half million veterans from Operation Enduring Freedom and Operation Iraqi Freedom (OEF/OIF) estimated to suffer from PTSD. Unfortunately, PTSD typically has a chronic course: most of those with PTSD fail to remit without treatment. Although substantial progress has been made in the development and dissemination of evidence-based psychosocial treatments for PTSD, including Prolonged Exposure (PE) and Cognitive Processing Therapy (CPT), a substantial portion of individuals with PTSD do not engage in them, or do not attain full remission of PTSD diagnostic status even after treatment completion. This highlights the need for clinical psychology researchers to continue using basic lab research to identify novel risk and maintenance factors for PTSD that can be leveraged in clinical practice to increase the effectiveness of existent PTSD treatments, or to develop novel interventions.

            Considering this, the current symposium will explore new, previously unreported translational research focusing on the assessment of novel risk and maintenance factors for PTSD, better understanding their role in the etiology of PTSD, and applying findings to developing new interventions for PTSD. First, Short and Schmidt utilize ecological momentary assessment to explore the relationship between daily stressors and emotion regulation as a predictor of daily PTSD symptom over a one week period. Second, Boffa and colleagues use an experimental approach to understanding the role of pre-trauma anxiety sensitivity in the prospective development of PTSD symptoms. Third, Raines and colleagues will test the recently identified relationship between intolerance of uncertainty (IU) and PTSD symptoms in a treatment-seeking veteran sample. Fourth, Allan and Stecker use longitudinal data from a large military sample to examine the course of PTSD symptoms and interpersonal risk factors for suicide in the prediction of future suicide behaviors. Fifth, Bomyea and Simmons will explore neural regions associated with cognitive regulation as a maintenance factor of PTSD in veterans, and a novel cognitive control paradigm designed to reduce PTSD symptoms. Finally, Dr. Sheila Rauch, an expert in utilizing translational research to adapt and modify empirically supported treatments for PTSD, will serve as discussant to assist us in synthesizing the novel and diverse results discussed throughout the symposium, and how these findings can help to inform the optimization of psychosocial treatments for PTSD.

Learning Objectives:

Nicole A. Short

Clinical Psychology Graduate Student
Florida State University

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Joseph W. Boffa

Clinical Psychology Graduate Student
Florida State University

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Sheila A.M. Rauch

Associate Professor
Emory University School of Medicine

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    Nicole A. Short

    Clinical Psychology Graduate Student
    Florida State University

    Presentation(s):

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    Joseph W. Boffa

    Clinical Psychology Graduate Student
    Florida State University

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    Amanda Medley. Raines

    Post-Doctoral Fellow
    Southeast Louisiana Veterans HealthCare System

    Presentation(s):

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    Nicholas P. Allan

    Assistant Professor
    Ohio University

    Presentation(s):

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    Jessica Bomyea

    Postdoctoral Fellow
    VASDHS/UC San Diego

    Presentation(s):

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