Category: Treatment - DBT

Symposium

Symposium 118 - Transdiagnostic Examination of the Impact of DBT Skills and Strategies on Emotion Regulation

Sunday, November 19
8:30 AM - 10:00 AM
Location: Aqua Salon A & B, Level 3, Aqua Level

Keywords: DBT (Dialectical Behavior Therapy) | Emotion Regulation | Transdiagnostic
Presentation Type: Symposium

Emotion regulation has emerged as a transdiagnostic factor that is theoretically and empirically linked to psychopathology. As many as three quarters of mental disorders are associated with difficulty regulating emotions including mood disorders, anxiety disorders and borderline personality disorder (BPD) (Werner & Gross, 2010). Dialectical Behavior Therapy (DBT) has demonstrated effectiveness in enhancing emotion regulation skills and reducing emotion dysregulation transdiagnostically (Goldstein et al., 2015; Courbasson, Nishikawa, & Dixon, 2012), and recent research suggests that the cultivation of skills during DBT skills training (DBT-ST) may account for improvements during DBT (Soler et al., 2009; Neacsiu et al., 2014). Furthermore, therapist use a number of strategies to facilitate emotion regulation in session that may also play an important role in therapeutic change (Linehan, 1993). Research that isolates the effect of DBT skills and strategies on emotion regulation has tremendous potential to create more accessible forms of DBT that are transdiagnostically generalizable and can be applied in diverse contexts. This talk reviews research examining how DBT skills and strategies impact emotional reactivity and emotion regulation in treatment and laboratory settings among diverse populations.

Importantly, DBT-ST encompasses a number of skills and strategies that are proposed to impact emotion in different ways. DBT acceptance-based skills and therapeutic strategies such as validation and labelling of emotions encourage emotion regulation by facilitating the acceptance and experience of difficult emotions (Linehan, 1993). As well, DBT change-based skills like checking facts involve cognitively reframing an experience to modulate an emotion (Linehan, 2014). It is unclear if and when each of these unique skills directly impact emotion regulation. To understand the effect of these therapeutic techniques, a multi-modal approach that includes self-report and psychophysiological instruments is needed to measure the impact of DBT skills and strategies on emotion. 

Learning Objectives:

Lillian Krantz

Graduate Student
Ryerson University

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    M. Zachary Rosenthal

    Associate Professor
    Duke University

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    Janice Kuo

    Associate Professor
    Ryerson University

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    Skyler Fitzpatrick

    Graduate Student
    Ryerson University

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    Kibby McMahon

    Graduate Student
    Duke University

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    Amanda Uliaszek

    Assistant Professor
    University of Toronto

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