Category: Criminal Justice / Forensics

Symposium

Symposium 112 - Treating Mental Health and Substance Use Disorders Among Clients With Criminal Justice System Involvement

Saturday, November 18
3:30 PM - 5:00 PM
Location: Cobalt 502, Level 5, Cobalt Level

Keywords: Criminal Justice | Substance Abuse | Treatment-Other
Presentation Type: Symposium

Almost 7 million people were involved in the U.S. criminal justice system (CJS) in 2014. People with mental health problems are overrepresented in the CJS, with over 70% of inmates meeting diagnostic criteria for a mental health or substance use disorder, and high rates of co-occurring disorders (James & Glaze, 2006). Despite this high prevalence, 62% of arrestees report never having received behavioral health treatment (Hunt et al., 2015). In addition, some treatments in the CJS have limited effectiveness (McMurran, 2007), and may not directly target the psychopathology that prompts CJS involvement. Moreover, treatments adapted for justice-involved clients need to consider the unique role of context (e.g., timing/setting of treatment delivery within the CJS, client amenability to treatment). Because untreated mental health and substance use problems contribute to high rates of return to the CJS (Skeem et al., 2014; Andrews et al., 2004), there is a critical need to understand which clients are at risk of CJS involvement, and effectively adapt treatments for these individuals that account for unique elements of the CJS.


This symposium aims to: 1) examine the extent to which specific mental health and substance use disorders increase risk for crime outcomes and 2) showcase three evidence-based approaches to treating mental health and substance use disorders with justice-involved clients. First, Moore and colleagues explore the risk of crime outcomes among people with specific mental health, substance use, and co-occurring disorders in a nationally representative sample, highlighting which disorders are associated with the highest risk. Second, Owens and colleagues present data from a randomized substance use intervention delivered during incarceration, focusing on client perspectives about treatment and recommending strategies to enhance jail-based treatments. Third, Humenik and colleagues present mental health outcome data from a drug court treatment and speak to the utility of diversion efforts for justice-involved clients. Fourth, Doerfler and colleagues explore the implications of prior CJ involvement for psychopathology severity among men in community-based substance use treatment.


Understanding which individuals are most at risk of crime outcomes and effectively implementing evidence-based treatments for justice-involved clients is critical to improve health outcomes and reduce recidivism. Collectively, these studies address which clients are most at risk of CJS involvement, and highlight current  evidence-based efforts to treat these issues. We are fortunate to have Dr. Raymond Chip Tafrate, an expert in evidence-based treatments for justice-involved populations, serve as discussant on this symposium and integrate our findings to inform clinical research and practice.

Learning Objectives:

Kelly E. Moore

Postdoctoral Fellow
Yale University School of Medicine

Presentation(s):

Send Email for Kelly Moore

Mandy D. Owens

Postdoctoral Fellow
VA Puget Sound Health Care System

Presentation(s):

Send Email for Mandy Owens

Raymond Chip Tafrate

Professor and Clinical Psychologist
Central Connecticut State University

Presentation(s):

Send Email for Raymond Chip Tafrate

Kelly E. Moore

Postdoctoral Fellow
Yale University School of Medicine

Presentation(s):

Send Email for Kelly Moore

Mandy D. Owens

Postdoctoral Fellow
VA Puget Sound Health Care System

Presentation(s):

Send Email for Mandy Owens

Alexis M. Humenik

Doctoral Student
Baylor University

Presentation(s):

Send Email for Alexis Humenik

Leonard A. Doerfler

Professor
Assumption College

Presentation(s):

Send Email for Leonard Doerfler


Assets

Symposium 112 - Treating Mental Health and Substance Use Disorders Among Clients With Criminal Justice System Involvement



Attendees who have favorited this

Please enter your access key

The asset you are trying to access is locked. Please enter your access key to unlock.

Send Email for Treating Mental Health and Substance Use Disorders Among Clients With Criminal Justice System Involvement