Category: ADHD - Child

Symposium

Correlates of Parent Group Attendance in Adolescent Treatments of ADHD

Friday, November 17
10:15 AM - 11:45 AM
Location: Indigo Ballroom E, Level 2, Indigo Level

Keywords: ADHD - Child / Adolescent | Parent Training
Presentation Type: Symposium

Social and academic impairment associated with ADHD persists into adolescence. Recent research by Ray and colleagues (2016) indicated that parenting behaviors may reduce the risk and severity of social impairment for adolescents. However, the evidence for parent-focused treatments for teens with ADHD is mixed (Barkley et al., 2001; Sibley et al., 2016). Yet, addressing parenting behaviors remains a focus of treatment development research and was included in a trial of a school-based treatment with high school students with ADHD. The Challenging Horizons Program is a middle school-based treatment program that was modified for high school students (Evans et al., 2014) and included a parenting group that was retained in a randomized trial in progress. Parent attendance at these groups is variable with 33% of parents attending at least 7 of 10 sessions. Understanding the reasons for this variability can inform further development of this intervention by modifying the delivery modality of some of the parenting interventions (e.g., web-based, home-based) or identifying additional parent needs to be addressed. We examined characteristics of parents and communities that may have contributed to the variability in attendance. Preliminary results from analyses of students in the treatment condition of cohort 1 (N=40) indicate that parent group attendance was marginally correlated with parent depressive symptoms (r=-.342; p=.060) and was associated with parent stress due to teen delinquency (r=-.405, p=.024). These findings indicate a need to attend to parent strain and teen psychopathology. Parent attendance was also correlated with the percentage of students receiving free or reduced lunch in the schools attended by teens (r=-.577, p<.001), suggesting that socio-economic factors may be relevant to parent involvement in treatment. Research pertaining to engaging parents of children with ADHD (Chronis et al., 2004; Chacko et al., 2016) may inform adaptations for increasing engagement of parents of teens. The presentation will include additional findings from cohort 2 and from analyses with variables such as parent education and income, as well as malleable family traits. 

A. Raisa Ray

Ohio University

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