Category: ADHD - Child
Introduction: Children with Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) often demonstrate greater emotion dysregulation and experience higher rates of peer victimization relative to unaffected peers. Although previous literature suggests emotion dysregulation is associated with peer victimization, this relation has yet to be explored among children with ADHD. Therefore, the current study sought to examine the extent to which emotion dysregulation is related to peer victimization in a sample of children diagnosed with ADHD.
Method: One hundred thirty-six children with ADHD (9.0 ± 1.4 years) participated in the present study. Parents and children completed the Children’s Emotion Management Scale and the Perception of Peer Support Scale to assess emotion dysregulation and peer victimization. Bivariate correlations and hierarchical linear regression analyses were used to evaluate the relation between parent- and child-report of emotion dysregulation and peer victimization.
Results: Hierarchical regression analyses significantly supported the relation of emotion dysregulation to peer victimization for both parent- (F (4, 135) = 2.75, p = .03) and child-report (F (4, 131) = 3.67, p = .007) ratings of emotion dysregulation and peer victimization, such that greater emotion dysregulation in children with ADHD was associated with increased rates of peer victimization above and beyond the effects of age, sex, and ADHD medications.
Conclusion: Using a multi-informant approach, the current study demonstrates that emotion dysregulation is linked to peer victimization among children with ADHD. The current findings are consistent with previous literature, and suggest the extent to which a child with ADHD is unable to regulate their emotions in the presence of peer threat substantially contributes to their risk for peer victimization. Implications, limitations, and future directions are discussed.
Nicholas Fogleman– Graduate Student, University of Louisville, Louisville, Kentucky
Kirsten Leaberry– Graduate Student, University of Louisville
Kelly Slaughter– Graduate Student, University of Louisville, Louisville, Kentucky
Danielle Walerius– Graduate Student, University of Louisville
Paul Rosen– Associate Professor of Psychology, University of Louisville