Category: Child / Adolescent - Anxiety
Anxiety is a common problem among children, and can lead to detriments in quality of life. Cognitive behavioral treatments (CBT) have shown to be effective in treating children with anxiety disorders however, standard CBT can also be expensive and difficult to access. Bibliotherapy is a less costly option and is accessible to families even in areas without qualified treatment providers. This type of treatment delivery method has proven to be effective for some families seeking help for their child’s anxiety; however, compliance is often problematic – meaning that although some families will benefit, others will require a more intensive approach. However, it is not known which factors relate to treatment compliance. In other areas (e.g., substance abuse), however, the stage of change model has been helpful in understanding when someone is ready to commit to treatment. Therefore, in the current study it was hypothesized that parent and child stage of change would be related to compliance in a bibliotherapy treatment for child anxiety disorders. Parent-child collaboration was explored as well as the bibliotherapy treatment required that the parent and child work together to complete the treatment program. To test this hypothesis, 15 children with anxiety disorders and their parents were given materials to complete a 14 week cognitive behavioral bibliotherapy treatment. Prior to commencing the program they completed measures reporting on stage and change and parent-child collaboration. Compliance was measured with unannounced quizzes on the bibliotherapy materials administered to parents at approximately the 3rd, 4th, 7th, and 9thweeks of treatment. Preliminary analyses failed to find an effect for either stage of change or parent-child collaboration, suggesting that predicting who will be successful with this type of treatment may prove difficult.
Savannah Garza– University of Texas Rio Grande Valley, Elsa, Texas
Venessa Candanoza– University of Texas Rio Grande Valley, Texas
Laura Seligman– Associate Professor, The University of Texas Rio Grande Valley, Edinburg, Texas
Joseph Hovey– Professor & Chair, University of Texas Rio Grande Valley, Edinburg, Texas
The University of Texas Rio Grande Valley