Category: ADHD - Child
Title: Does maternal depression predict parenting in African American mothers of children with and without ADHD?
Authors: Madyun, J., Parks, A.M., Jones, H.A.
Both child attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) and maternal depression are associated with negative parenting (Graziano et al., 2006; Giannotta et al., 2015). Further, compared to other parents, African-American parents report more psychopathology, including maternal depression (Huang et al., 2013). The relationship between maternal depression and parenting in families of children with ADHD has not been studied in African Americans. Thus, the purpose of this study was to investigate whether maternal depression predicted parenting in African American mothers, over the influence of child ADHD.
Participants in this study included 70 African American mothers (Mage= 35.44, SD=6.46) of children with ADHD (n=41, Mage=7.83, SD=1.38) and without ADHD (n=29, Mage= 7.59, SD=1.40). The Schedule for Affective Disorder and Schizophrenia for School Age Children was used to assess for current child psychopathology. The Beck-Depression Inventory-Second Edition was administered to measure maternal depression. Lastly, to evaluate their parenting behaviors, caregivers completed the Alabama Parenting Questionnaire; we used the Positive Involvement and Positive Parenting subscales for the analyses below.
Hierarchical regressions were conducted to examine the ability of maternal depression to predict reported parenting behaviors in African American families of children with and without ADHD. Results indicated that the predictors accounted for 11% of the variance in positive parenting, F(3, 75) = 2.81, R2 = .11, p.05, and maternal depression significantly predicted positive parenting (β=-.25, pF(3, 75) = 3.89, R2=.14, pt(72)=-1.89. p=.05).
These findings are largely consistent with research conducted with primarily White families, although it is interesting that maternal depression was not a predictor of involvement in their child’s life. Although it accounted for a small amount of variability, clinicians working with African American families of children with ADHD should consider whether to screen those mothers engaging in low levels of positive parenting for depression. Researchers should further investigate maternal depression in African American families of children with ADHD, and whether such depression interferes with treatment engagement and child outcomes.
Jannah Madyun– , Virginia Commonwealth University, Richmond, Virginia