Category: Treatment - Other

PS3- #C71 - A Validation Study of the ACL

Friday, Nov 17
11:00 AM – 12:00 PM
Location: Indigo Ballroom CDGH, Level 2, Indigo Level

Keywords: FAP (Functional Analytic Psychotherapy) | Assessment

Functional Analytic Psychotherapy (FAP; Tsai et al., 2009) is a treatment with empirical support that emphasizes the importance of three constructs: awareness, courage and love, from a behavioral perspective.  The research literature on FAP, and clinical work employing its principles, are currently growing.  Therefore, it is important to have measures that directly assess the constructs of interest in both performing the treatment and in treatment outcome. To meet this need, the ACL scale was developed (Kuczynski, 2016).  The ACL consists of 5 subscales: 1) Other Awareness, 2) Self Awareness, 3) Courage, 4) Other Love, and 5) Self Love.  The purpose of this study was to further explore what the ACL measures by looking at the relationships of its subscales to: mindfulness, meaning in life, positive and negative affect, life satisfaction, mental health symptoms, and well- being.  In the present study, 128 participants were recruited from a university in the pacific northwest and completed the Mindful Attention Awareness Scale (MAAS; Brown & Ryan, 2003), Meaning in Life Questionnaire (MLQ; Steger, Frazier, Oishi, & Kaler, 2006) Positive and Negative Affect Scale (PANAS; Watson, Clark, & Tellegen, 1988), Symptoms and Assets Screening Scale (SASS; Downs, Boucher, Campbell, & Dasse, 2013), and Satisfaction With Life Scale (SWLS; Diener, Emmons, Larsen, & Griffin, 1985).  Internal consistency reliability was found to be .90 for the ACL.  The ACL total score was found to have a significant positive correlation with mindfulness, positive mood, sense of meaning in life, life satisfaction, and psychological well-being, and a significant inverse correlation with negative mood.  In particular, the Self Love subscale stood out as important in terms of its correlation with the other well-being related measures.  These results lend further support to the validity of the ACL, since we assume that having greater awareness, courage, and love would be associated with greater mindfulness, positive affect, meaning in life, life satisfaction, and psychological well-being.  Additionally, this research supports the use of the ACL as an outcome measure in psychotherapy, particularly FAP-informed therapy.

Jacob Bloch

University of Montana

Jennifer Waltz

University of Montana