Category: Couples / Close Relationships
The couple relationship is often an important factor for the development and maintenance of an alcohol dependence. The association between problematic alcohol consumption and relationship problems led to the development and establishment of couple interventions for individuals with an alcohol dependence. Although many couples with at least one heavily drinking partner are faced with relationship problems, only a few of them utilize addiction-specific couple interventions. Various predictors for the utilization of such couple interventions were identified. These studies investigated only (log-)linear models and have rarely considered the combination of different predictors.
Therefore, this poster aims to identify groups with a low probability of utilizing a couple intervention by investigating individuals’ manifestation of the associated predictors and the combination of them.
The sample (N = 1843) consists of inpatients with an alcohol dependence living in a couple relationship. Data was routinely collected in a German rehabilitation clinic within the scope of the diagnostic assessment procedure. Each patient in a couple relationship could freely choose the couple intervention as an option in addition to the individual treatment. We examined individuals’ relationship quality, social pressure from the partner and significant others, drinking consequences, and sociodemographic data.
The decision tree identified four predictors, which divided the sample into groups and subgroups: gender, age, social pressure from the partner and the number of comorbid diagnoses. Within the group of men, the lowest utilization rate was at the age of 51-54 years (90% non-participants) and 55-57 years (73% non-participants). Within the group of women, female patients with a higher pressure from their partners in combination with more than one comorbid mental disorder (73% non-participants) as well as female patients with a lower pressure from their partners (regardless of their number of comorbid disorders; 74% non-participants) showed the lowest utilization rate.
For these patients it could be beneficial to expend efforts for transporting the significance of partner inclusion e.g., by using interventions to enhance patients’ motivation for the utilization of a couple intervention.
University of Braunschweig, Institute of Psychology
Braunschweig, Niedersachsen, Germany