Category: X - Other - Not Fitting Better Elsewhere
The relations of narcissism and impulsivity to institutional infractions in an adolescent residential setting.
Previous research has shown that narcissism is related to the frequency of institutional infractions youth receive in a residential setting (Herrington, Barry, & Loflin, 2014). A wealth of research has shown that impulsivity relates to violent delinquency in adolescence (Hasking, Scheier, & Abdallah, 2011; Komarovskya, Loper, & Warren, 2007) and increases the likelihood of adult offending (Gatti, Tremblay, & Vitaro, 2009). However, impulsivity has not been investigated in terms of specific behavioral outcomes in a residential setting. This study considered the relations of narcissism and impulsivity with specific types of infractions received in a residential setting. It was hypothesized that narcissism and impulsivity would both relate to the overall infractions received but that narcissism would be related to infractions involving peer conflict (Grafeman, Barry, & Marcus, 2015) and that impulsivity would be related to aggressive and defiant infractions.
Participants were 74 adolescent males attending a voluntary residential program for youth who have dropped out of school. Participants completed the Narcissistic Personality Inventory for Children (NPIC; Barry, Frick, & Killian, 2003) and the Urgency, Premeditation, Perseverance, and Sensation Seeking Impulsive Behavior Scale (Carlson, Pritchard, & Dominelli, 2013). Disciplinary infraction data were received after participants were discharged from the program and were coded by type.
Maladaptive narcissism was correlated with overall citations, as well as peer verbal aggression, defiance, rule breaking, and disruptiveness. Adaptive narcissism was related to peer verbal aggression citations. Regarding impulsivity, lack of premeditation correlated with disruptive citations. Negative correlated with peer aggression, defiance, and rule breaking citations. Positive urgency was associated with all citation types, and both positive and negative urgency were correlated with more overall infractions.
It is important to note that all significant correlations were moderate, likely due to the small sample size. However, as predicted, both narcissism and impulsivity were related to behavioral problems in the residential setting. Additionally, both maladaptive and adaptive narcissism were correlated with infractions related to peer interactions, but maladaptive narcissism was related to other types of infractions. Thus, adolescent narcissism may relate to peer problems within a residential context. Furthermore, both positive and negative urgency predicted a wide variety of behavioral infractions. An implication of that is youth who have more behavioral problems in this context may have low emotion regulation and low self-control. Thus, interventions that address peer antagonism and emotional self-control in a youth residential setting may be useful.