Recently, there has been public concern for effective anger treatment, and thus, reliable, valid measures of anger, stemming from media exposure of violent acts in our society. Thus far, most anger measures used in clinical practice, such as the Anger Disorders Scale, The State Trait Anger Expression Scale, and the Novaco’s Anger Scale only assess general trait anger. Previous research has shown this assessment strategy underestimates the relationship between anger and other variables and has recommended that for an anger disorders taxonomy that would distinction between a generalized anger disorders and situational anger disorders (Deffenbacher & Eckhardt, 1995). This study focused on creating a target specific anger measure - a scale that assesses anger with ones parents. Both anger with one’s mother and anger with one’s father were assessed separately.
The items for these measures were adapted from the Anger Disorders Scale - Short Form (ADS-SF) and rewritten so that they targeted anger with the respective parent. The ADS-SF was developed by taking one item from each of the 18 subscales of the full length ADS. It has excellent internal consistency and test-retest reliability, and excellent validity. Participants also completed the general ADS-SF and the QRI (Quality of Relationship Scale) to assess the relationship each participant had with their respective parents.
Findings showed that the two separate scales, Angry with Father (AwF: α < .92), and Angry with Mother (AwM: α < .92), each had excellent internal consistency. They both had large correlates with the measures of general anger (AwF, r = .50; AwM, r = .60). When using regression to predict the quality of relationship with the participants’ mothers and fathers, the specific anger scales added significant variance to the regression equation. This supported our hypothesis that the specific anger measures would add unique variance over and above the general anger measure in predicting quality of relationship. Also, anger with one’s father predicted whether the participants were presently receiving mental health services, but anger with mother had no such effect.
Olga Gulyayeva– Doctoral Student/ Doctoral Fellow, St. John's University, Forest Hills, New York
Kristine McKiernan– St. John's University
Karleen Gabriel– St. John's University
Laura Lin– St. John's University
Raymond DiGiuseppe– Professor, St. John's University, Queens, New York
Doctoral Student/ Doctoral Fellow
St. John's University
Forest Hills, New York