Category: PTSD

PS7- #A1 - Coping Mechanisms Among a Trauma-Exposed Sample of Hazardous Drinkers: The Unique Role of Self-Disgust

Friday, Nov 17
4:00 PM – 5:00 PM
Location: Indigo Ballroom CDGH, Level 2, Indigo Level

Keywords: Disgust | Alcohol | Trauma

There is ample evidence suggesting a relation between exposure to trauma and substance use problems (e.g., Kaysen et al., 2007). Research suggests drinking to cope with negative affect may underlie the association between trauma and substance abuse (Ullman et al., 2013). Shame, conceptualized as a negative evaluation of oneself (Tangney, 1996), appears related to increased alcohol use to mitigate negative affect symptoms (Treeby & Bruno, 2012). As a unique extension to this work, the present study examined a hypothesized link between self-disgust and drinking coping motives among individuals meeting criteria for hazardous drinking and endorsing a traumatic experience. It was predicted that self-disgust would be positively correlated with drinking coping motives above and beyond variance accounted for by age, gender, race, depression, and posttraumatic stress symptoms (PTS). Participants included 78 adults between the ages of 18 and 48 years (M = 19.82, SD = 3.55). Symptoms of posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) were measured by the PTSD Checklist for DSM-5 (PCL-5; Weathers et al., 2013), depressive symptoms were measured via the Depression Anxiety Stress Scale (DASS-21; Henry & Crawford, 2005), hazardous alcohol use was measured by the Alcohol Use Disorders Identification Test (AUDIT; Babor et al., 2001), and drinking coping motives were measured via the coping scale on the Drinking Motives Measure (DMM; Cooper et al., 1992). After selecting for cases which demonstrated hazardous alcohol use, then controlling for covariates (age, gender, race) at step 1 of a hierarchical regression, and depressive symptoms and PTS at step 2, self-disgust was positively associated with drinking coping motives at step 3 of the model [F(6,71) = 2.2, p = .05, adjusted R2 = .15]. These results suggest a unique link between self-disgust and drinking coping motives, which may be important to consider when treating individuals with a history of trauma exposure and who may be at risk for alcohol abuse.

Nicole Baldwin

University of Arkansas
Fayetteville, Arkansas

Sasha Rojas

University of Arkansas

Christal Badour

University of Kentucky

Courtney Dutton

University of Arkansas

Ella Watson

University of Arkansas

Jesse Timmermann

University of Arkansas

Peter McIndoe

University of Arkansas

Margaret Davis

University of Arkansas

Gentry Sutherland

University of Arkansas

Matthew Feldner

University of Arkansas; Laureate Institute for Brain Research