Category: Child / Adolescent - Depression
Childhood maltreatment has implications for the development of adolescent-mother relationships and symptoms of depression. Gender differences in the salience of interpersonal relationships and gender role identification in adolescence may lead females to reflect particularly poorly on their relationships with their mothers when they have a history of childhood maltreatment. The perceived poor quality of this relationship may then confer risk for later depressive symptoms, creating a unique developmental pathway for maltreated females. The present study examined gender differences in this developmental pathway from childhood maltreatment, to mother-adolescent relationships, to subsequent depressive symptoms in 342 (151 female, 191 male) maltreated (n = 198) and nonmaltreated (n = 144) youth. An observer report Q-Scale measure of depressive symptoms was developed and received preliminary support.
A confirmatory factor analysis was conducted using items from the California Q Sort selected by expert raters to represent a prototypical individual with depression. This model had good fit to the data, χ2 (8) = 18.662, p < .05, RMSEA = 0.058, CFI = 0.984, SRMR = 0.023, with factor loadings ranging from 0.504 to 0.855. This new Depressive Symptoms Q-Scale has the potential to make important contributions to assessment batteries as it increases the diversity of measures available to psychopathology researchers.
Michelle Alto– University of Rochester, Rochester, New York
Elizabeth Handley– University of Rochester
Fred Rogosch– Mt. Hope Family Center, University of Rochester
Dante Cicchetti– University of Minnesota
Sheree Toth– Mt. Hope Family Center, University of Rochester